63 quotes from Attar of Nishapur: ‘The home we seek is in eternity; The Truth we seek is like a shoreless sea, Of which your paradise is but a drop. This ocean. 0 references. place of birth . Category:Attar of Nishapur. 0 references. described by source. `Attar’s statue beside his mausoleum, Nishapur, Iran `Attar’s work preserves many of the sayings of previous Sufi saints; we are indebted to.

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Attar of Nishapur – Wikipedia

This is a collection of quatrains arranged by subject. Therefore, I re-created the parables as poetic prose and the speech of the birds and of Attar as contemporary verse. In this way, the work is rendered readable not only as a deeply spiritual work but also as a form of entertainment, as Attar intended it to be.

Legend has it that Attar met Rumi when that future great mystic poet was a child. At one time, Persian was a common cultural language of much of the non-Arabic Islamic world. His most famous work, The Conference of the Bishapur, rejoices in the loss of egotism and the realization that all people are equally loved by God.

Next Farouk of Egypt. He could afford to spurn the art of the court eulogist see idem, Das Meer der Seele: Of all the famous Sufi Shaykhs supposed to have been his teachers, only one – Majd ud-Din Baghdadi nisjapur disciple of Najmuddin Kubra – comes within the bounds of possibility. Privacy Policy Add Comment. The journey costs the lives of many of them. Experiencing extreme sadness and dejection, they feel that they know nothing, understand nothing.

Traditional Islamand especially by Sufis [2]. The specifically Sufi themes of pantheism, self-effacement, and bewilderment cf. His works were the inspiration of Rumi and many other mystic poets.

It is not until they enter the fifth valley that they realize that unity and multiplicity are the same. We are the birds in the story.

Attar of Nishapur

This is particularly remarkable in the case of medicine, which fell within the scope of his profession. When riding through his streets he did not fail To hide his features with a scarlet veil.

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It is said that Attar held Rumi in his arms, bounced him on his lap, and predicted his greatness. They die, as worms, in squalid pain; if we Must perish in this quest, that, certainly, Is better than a life of filth and grief. This may be partly due to its lack of a frame-story. The third valley confounds the birds, especially when they discover that their worldly knowledge has become completely useless and their understanding has become ambivalent.

When your love faded, so did the perfection of my eyes.

Since few could bear his sight, they were content To hear the king in sober argument, But while they listened they endure such pain As made them long to see their king again. Through the following centuries, the fluctuating relationship between freethinkers and those who followed strict religious dogma profoundly affected the development pf poetry in Iran. He is known to have lived and died a violent death in the massacre inflicted og Genghis Khan and the Mongol army on the city of Nishapur inwhen he was seventy years old.

Comparatively few details are known for certain about his life. During the invasion of Persia by Jenghis Khan C.

The outline of this basic idea is enriched with numerous apposite stories of varying length from 3 to over verses. The first one went closer and said: This is particularly remarkable in the case of medicine, which fell within the scope of his profession. The work gives a sort of hagiographic summary of his career in the ethical and experiential world of the Sufis see above.

Those who are trapped within their own dogma, clinging to hardened beliefs or faith, are deprived of the journey toward the unfathomable Divine, which Attar calls the Great Ocean. Others speculate he was so moved by the troubling stories his patients shared with him that he abandoned his pharmacy and traveled through India, Turkistan, Mecca, Kufa, and Damascus to seek wisdom from Sufi saints.


Eventually, he abandoned his pharmacy store and traveled widely—to Kufa, MeccaDamascusTurkistan, and Indiameeting with Sufi Shaykhs—then returned, promoting Sufi ideas. A tradition “first mentioned by Rumi has it that he “had no teacher and was instructed in the Way by the spirit of Mansur al-Hallaj, the Sufi martyr who had been executed in Baghdad in and who appeared to him in a dream.

There are different ways of crossing this Valley, and all birds do not fly alike.

Some restrictions may apply to use of individual images which are separately licensed. Nott, The Conference of the BirdsLondon, and Mausoleum of AttarNishapurIran. The man never saw this white blemish, even though he gazed into her eyes all the time.

It is life’s strength, the wings by which we fly Beyond the further reaches of the sky. August 17, This article is available in print.

Mahmud Saba Kashani — For example, here is a parable the hoopoe nlshapur about faultfinders: On the one hand, historical data is scanty in his writing. Our feathers and our wings, our bodies’ strength Are quite unequal to the journey’s length; For one of us to reach the Simorgh’s throne Would be miraculous, a thing unknown. Attar’s only known prose work which he worked on throughout much of his life and which was available publicly before his death, is a biography of Muslim saints and mystics.

Like many aspects of his life, his death, too, is blended with legends and speculation. In their new world, the planets are as minute as sparks of dust and elephants are not distinguishable from ants. Retrieved from ” https: The epic poem is a masnavi, a poetic form invented by the Persians. On the other hand, he translated sayings of his Sufis, which had come down in Arabic, very faithfully into Persian. Nihapur Read Edit View history. A well-known story regarding his death goes as follows:.